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The complex relationship of science and migration of people


Dr. Tamaro J. Green

TJG News:

2021-03-22 20:20:31 viewed: 596


Schwerdtle, Bowen, and McMichael (2018) mention migrations from changes to ecological systems have occurred since the beginning of time.  The migrations of people have often been from coastal areas to other regions (Salameh, Bandel, Alhejoj, & Abdallat, 2018).  McMichael and Barnett (2012) discuss the difficulty in attributing recent human migration to climate change.  Stojanov et al. (2016) describe motivations for population migration often to be multi-faceted.  The migrations of people have often been due to a collection of reasons that are intertwined between circumstances, policy, and opportunity (McMichael, Barnett, & McMichael Anthony, 2012).  Hwang and Lee (2017) investigate the possibility of environmental risk as an incentive for population migration.  Sarjana (2018) comments populations that migrate due to harsh environmental conditions are often referred to as environmental or climate refugees.  Okukpon (2020) discusses legality and human rights of international policies for irregular migration of children.  McMichael et al. (2012) encourage policy makers to reflect the complexity of migration when addressing the relationship among migration, health, and climate change.  Schwerdtle et al. (2018) suggest making health systems more climate-resilient and inclusive of populations of migrants.  Zhai (2020) presents talent can be attracted through population migration through encouragement for investment and entrepreneurship.



Hwang, S. N., & Lee, S.-W. (2017). Does environmental risk affect human migration behavior? Journal of Geographic Information System, 9, 493-504.

McMichael, C., & Barnett, J. (2012). Climate change and migration, with Celia McMichael and Jon Barnett. Podcasts: The Researcher's Perspective, 2012(1). doi:10.1289/ehp.trp080112

McMichael, C., Barnett, J., & McMichael Anthony, J. (2012). An ill wind? Climate change, migration, and health. Environmental Health Perspectives, 120(5), 646-654. doi:10.1289/ehp.1104375

Okukpon, I. (2020). Externalization of border controls as a violation of human rights of irregular migrant children: A global dilemma. Beijing Law Review, 11(3).

Salameh, E., Bandel, K., Alhejoj, I., & Abdallat, G. (2018). Evolution and termination of lakes in Jordan and their relevance to human migration from Africa to Asia and Europe. Open Journal of Geology, 8, 1113-1132.

Sarjana, I. G. E. (2018). Climate change and human migration towards more humane interpretation of refugee. Udayana Journal of Law and Culture, 2(2), 220 – 248.

Schwerdtle, P., Bowen, K., & McMichael, C. (2018). The health impacts of climate-related migration. BMC Medicine, 16(1), 1. doi:10.1186/s12916-017-0981-7

Stojanov, R., Kelman, I., Ullah, A. A., Duží, B., Procházka, D., & Blahůtová, K. K. (2016). Local expert perceptions of migration as a climate change adaptation in Bangladesh. Sustainability, 8(12). doi:10.3390/su8121223

Zhai, S. (2020). Basic public services, population migration and regional economic growth. Modern Economy, 11, 777-784.



Dr. Tamaro Green is a computer science researcher and the founder of TJG Web Services.  TJG Web Services, LLC is a consulting firm in the field of information technology.  Dr. Green writes on topics of privacy, security, and ethics in information technology and computer science.

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