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Nation state building and influences in the Horn of Africa


Dr. Tamaro J. Green

TJG News:

2021-03-18 15:54:04 viewed: 523


Outside influences continue to influence the nation-state building of Horn of Africa countries and may occasionally contribute to conflicts (International Crisis Group, 2019).  International Crisis Group (2019) explains how Gulf Nations and China have political commercial interests in the Horn of Africa adding risk to the fragile formulation of nation states.  The nations of the Horn of Africa continue to progress in the formation of political and municipal strategies (Osei, Akinocho, & Mwombela, 2020; Zeleke, 2018).  Zeleke (2018) evaluates the energy options for the nations of the Horn of Africa.  Osei et al. (2020) suggest classifying democracy and autocracy as well as personalist and party-based regimes for constitutional governments.



International Crisis Group. (2019). Intra-Gulf competition in Africa’s Horn: Lessening the impact. Retrieved from Brussels, Belgium:

Osei, A., Akinocho, H., & Mwombela, S. (2020). Presidential term limits and regime types: When do leaders respect constitutional norms? Africa Spectrum, 55(3), 251-271. doi:10.1177/0002039720945720

Zeleke, T. A. (2018). Hydropower development and regional integration in the Greater Horn of Africa. Young African Leaders Journal of Development, 2.



Dr. Tamaro Green is a computer science researcher and the founder of TJG Web Services.  TJG Web Services, LLC is a consulting firm in the field of information technology.  Dr. Green writes on topics of privacy, security, and ethics in information technology and computer science.

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