for TJG News to implement http cookies for this website. TJG Web Services Cookies Policy

Historical relevance of informal labour


Dr. Tamaro J. Green

TJG News:

2021-05-02 23:20:52 viewed: 624


The growth of informal labour markets has a historical context for the profits earned through cheap or un-paid labour.  Slavery in the United States and the low-wage pay of immigration are examples of how the trade of informal labour can be abused for profits.  Oakes (2016) reviews the profits from slavery in the United States and its role in the Industrial Revolution.  Lionais, Murray, and Donatelli (2020) evaluate the influence of immigration to labour markets in Canada.  Measuring international informal labour and developing policies may improve labour markets in the future.  Kässi and Lehdonvirta (2018) discuss the limitations of national surveys for measuring the informal labour markets and propose an international index for measuring the transnational economy.  Kurokawa (2020) models entry deregulation and antitrust policies and the effect on skill premiums in international labour trade.





Kässi, O., & Lehdonvirta, V. (2018). Online labour index: Measuring the online gig economy for policy and research. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Forthcoming.

Kurokawa, Y. (2020). A simple model of competition policies, trade, and the skill premium. The International Economy, 23, 145-162. doi:10.5652/internationaleconomy/ie2020.23.03.yk

Lionais, D., Murray, C., & Donatelli, C. (2020). Dependence on interprovincial migrant labour in Atlantic Canadian communities: The role of the Alberta economy. Societies, 10(1). doi:10.3390/soc10010011

Oakes, J. (2016). Capitalism and slavery and the civil war. International Labor and Working-Class History, 89, 195-220. doi:10.1017/S0147547915000393



Dr. Tamaro Green is a computer science researcher and the founder of TJG Web Services.  TJG Web Services, LLC is a consulting firm in the field of information technology.  Dr. Green writes on topics of privacy, security, and ethics in information technology and computer science.

TJG News Editorials are opinion pieces and do not necessarily express the opinion of TJG News.  To publish editorial pieces in TJG News send an email to