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Democratic peace and transnational regulations


Dr. Tamaro J. Green

TJG News:

2021-04-30 00:33:12 viewed: 543


Adiputera (2014) explains democratic peace theory derives from the perpetual peace concept of Kant and contrasts normative democratic peace, as the culture as a source of peace, and institutional democratic peace, as the structure as the source of peace.  The institutional democratic peace may be guided through empowering international organizations as agents for democracy (Kleingeld, 2004).  Mahmoudi (2008) describes the three conditions of the theoretical perpetual peace of Kant to include a constitution, a federation of free states, and rights of individuals as global citizens.  The concept of perpetual peace may be achievable through the provision of conditions for ideals of transnational regulations (Kleingeld, 2004).  Transnational regulations may allow for more equity in the perspective of the global citizens.  Sandford (2018) explains the argument of Kant that there is only one human species as the capabilities are consistent regardless of the differences in description.





Adiputera, Y. (2014). Evaluating the normative and structural explanations of democratic peace theory. Indonesian Journal of International Studies, 1(1).

Kleingeld, P. (2004). Approaching perpetual peace: Kant’s defence of a league of states and his ideal of a world federation. European Journal of Philosophy, 12(3), 304–325.

Mahmoudi, S. A. (2008). An evaluation of Kant's theory of perpetual peace in the field of contemporary political philosophy. The International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 15(2), 53-70.

Sandford, S. (2018). Kant, race, and natural history. Philosophy & Social Criticism, 44(9), 950-977. doi:10.1177/0191453718768358



Dr. Tamaro Green is a computer science researcher and the founder of TJG Web Services.  TJG Web Services, LLC is a consulting firm in the field of information technology.  Dr. Green writes on topics of privacy, security, and ethics in information technology and computer science.

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