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An emerging communal research design


Dr. Tamaro J. Green

TJG News:

2021-04-20 01:50:38 viewed: 699


Ibhakewanlan and McGrath (2015) suggested epistemological and ontological arguments for a participatory community based research approach that reflects the culture, logistics, and philosophy of Africa.  The possibility of a community based research approach may improve cultural awareness in the research process.  A community based approach may also build of emerging project management methodologies.  Hidalgo (2018) proposed a collaborative research process based on the agile project methodology.  The communal research design may lead to new discoveries in a number of fields (Ibhakewanlan & McGrath, 2015).   Ngangah (2013) discussed the role of symbolism as a possible psychosomatic remedy in African traditional medicine.  Silva (2018) suggested consideration of divination by the practice of traditional rituals in religious studies.  Reviewing research design may address contemporary dilemmas in higher education.  Galvin and Spiker (2019) explained the challenges for educators as more institutions of higher education rely on contract labour in the emerging gig economy.

Communal based research also has the potential to provide more insight into the history of culture such as the calendar.    The calendar has historical represented a tool for understanding patterns in the seasons.  Zangger and Gautschy (2019) explained the calendar as a purpose for the architecture of some ancient temples.  The calendar provides the notion of repetition in time, yet there is also the argument for time to have a beginning and an end.  Erasmus and Luna (2020) presented arguments to time in the past as finite.   The same finite repetition is also present with the rituals of traditional societies.  Etim (2019) explained the rituals of traditional societies to have symbolic, value, finite, and role structures.  Etim (2019) characterized three types of African rituals, medicinal, crisis, and rites of passage.   Communal research may present emerging worldviews for which to understand science (Ibhakewanlan & McGrath, 2015).  Okeke, Ibenwa, and Okeke (2017) explained the two worlds of the Igbo worldview, the visible and the invisible.





Erasmus, J., & Luna, L. (2020). A philosophical argument for the beginning of time. Prolegomena, 19(2), 161-176.

Etim, F. (2019). Ontology of African ritual. Advances in Applied Sociology, 9, 1-14.

Galvin, K., & Spiker, C. M. (2019). The cost of precarity: Contingent academic labor in the gig economy. art journal.

Hidalgo, E. S. (2018). Management of a multidisciplinary research project a case study on adopting agile methods. Journal of Research Practice, 14(1).

Ibhakewanlan, J.-O., & McGrath, S. (2015). Toward an African community-based research (ACBR) methodology. SAGE Open, 5(4), 2158244015613106. doi:10.1177/2158244015613106

Ngangah, I. (2013). The epistemology of symbols in African medicine. Open Journal of Philosophy, 3(1A), 117-121.

Okeke, C. O., Ibenwa, C. N., & Okeke, G. T. (2017). Conflicts between African traditional religion and Christianity in Eastern Nigeria: The Igbo example. SAGE Open, 7(2), 2158244017709322. doi:10.1177/2158244017709322

Silva, S. (2018). Taking divination seriously: From mumbo jumbo to worldviews and ways of life. Religions, 9(12). doi:10.3390/rel9120394

Zangger, E., & Gautschy, R. (2019). Celestial aspects of Hittite Religion: An investigation of the rock sanctuary Yaz?l?kaya. Journal of Skyscape Archaeology, 5(1), 5-38. doi:10.1558/jsa.37641



Dr. Tamaro Green is a computer science researcher and the founder of TJG Web Services.  TJG Web Services, LLC is a consulting firm in the field of information technology.  Dr. Green writes on topics of privacy, security, and ethics in information technology and computer science.

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